DIS AUGUSTIS TIBERIEUM
The Pilate Stone is the name of a limestone block ,with a carved inscription attributed to Pontius Pilate, a prefect of the Roman-controlled province of Iudaea . Pilate is infamous as being the man who condemned Jesus Christ to a painful scourging and death by crucifixion .
The limestone block, which was found in 1961 in an excavation of an ancient amphitheater called Caesarea Maritima in the present city of Caesarea-on-the-Sea On the partially damaged block is a dedication to Tiberius Caesar Augustus. It has been deemed as an authentic archaeological find due to the area in which it was discovered: the coastal town of Caesarea, which was the seat of power of Iudaea during the government of Pontius Pilate. Pilate also maintained a residence at Antonia Fortress in Jerusalem, but, outside of his annual trek to oversee the Passover celebration, he seldom visited Jerusalem. During Passover, Jerusalem's population swelled and the possibility of outbreaks of violence increased. Pilate's presence was to quell a rebellion before it started. Keeping the peace was of vital importance not only to Pontius Pilate, but to Yhosef Bar Kayafa the high priest of Jerusalem's Jewish ruling council, the Sanhedrin. Caiaphas had been appointed high priest by Pilate's predecessor, Valerius Gratus and Pilate retained him. The two men likely despised each other, but a rebellion would have done neither man any good. Thus, they shared a tenuous peace.
This is the only archaeological find with an inscription mentioning the name "Pontius Pilatus".
The Pilate Stone is currently located at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
Vardaman, Jerry. "A New Inscription Which Mentions Pilate as 'Prefect'." Journal of Biblical Literature